Cavities are the small holes which develop in the teeth as a result of tooth decay. And tooth decay is caused by the buildup of plaque which makes it ideal for the bacteria to come into action. Poor oral hygiene and lack of minerals in the diet are major reasons for the plaque to build up in the teeth.
In many cases, cavities are irreversible. It means that the dentist may have to suggest fluoride treatment, tooth filling, or extraction. Nevertheless, the new study suggests that good diet and steps to ensure re-mineralization of teeth can actually help in treating cavities at home.
With that said, it’s worth mentioning a few things that you can do in order to get the cavities on your teeth treated. It’s basically a stepwise process.
Getting the appointment
Forget about the blogs and articles which suggest you to deal with your cavities without going to the dentist. Every case can be different, and therefore it’s the dentist only who will be able to understand the type of treatment you may require for the cavities you have. However, you will have to look at the signs to know if it’s the cavities which are starting to bother you. There are the symptoms which can tell you if you have cavities. For instance:
- You may feel toothache or sensitivity. It will be a sharp pain in the teeth.
- Pain when you chew on the foods.
- Dark-colored pits and holes on the teeth.
- Extra risk of chipping and breakage of teeth.
- Bad breath and taste.
With that said, you will need to visit your dentist at least twice in every year to keep a check on the teeth, and also know if there are cavities being developed in the teeth. When you experience having symptoms mentioned above, you can tell everything to the dentist. The dentist will take things from there.
If cavities are in the early stages, you can consider getting fluoride treatment. Fluoride treatment basically involves application of a gel varnish, liquid solution or foam fluoride. Any of these materials are used to coat the teeth completely. The basic property of fluoride is that it strengthens the tooth enamel.
There are two ways fluoride can be applied to the teeth. It can be applied directly to the teeth. Or it can be placed in the tray and that tray is then fitted on the teeth. Make sure that you do not swallow the fluoride.
Getting the filling
When cavity develops into the enamel and becomes permanent, filling the tooth may become suitable treatment option. First, the dentist will remove cavity using the drill. After cleaning, there are several kinds of fillings which can be used.
Crowning becomes the requirement when tooth gets infected enough for the upper part to lose functionality. In that cause, the upper part, or crown, is removed so that a replacement crown can be placed.
Root canal treatment
When cavities penetrate deep enough into the pulp, root canal therapy may be required. This treatment mainly involves drilling on the top of the tooth and going down deep into the root. This cleaning process can be painful but it has the potential to save the tooth.
Finally, the tooth extraction may be required when it becomes impossible to save the tooth. Extraction leaves the gap in the jaw that can be filled with the implant if you want to get the functionality back.